Was there any awareness of environmental problems among intellectuals and politicians of the ancient world? Did they even have notions of 'pollution', 'exploitation', and 'depletion' of natural resources? And what forms did human action take for the protection of the environment?
The authors – from the fields of Ancient History, Classical Archeology, Ancient Laws, and History of Medicine – focus on the environmental and ecological awareness in the ancient world, both in material evidence of daily life and in the intellectual thought. They analyse if there was a common awareness of environmental and ecological questions, or if there were only a few and isolated measures aimed at the interest of special social groups and at specific political goals. They discuss to which extent the ancient evidence can be used to identify the roots of modern environmental sensitivity.
Keywords: Ancient History, Antiquity, Classics, Environmental counsciousness, Environmental pollution, Environmental studies
Orietta Dora Cordovana
Orietta Cordovana graduated in Classics and Classical Archaeology at the University La Sapienza in Rome, Ph.D. in Ancient History at the University of Messina. She lectured in Rome at La Sapienza, was a Humboldt fellow at the Freie Universität Berlin, Marie Curie fellow at the University of Edinburgh and at the AIAS, Aarhus University.
Gian Franco Chiai
Gian Franco Chiai graduated in Classics and Ancient History at the University La Sapienza in Rome, Ph.D. in Ancient History in Rome, La Sapienza. He was a fellow at the Universities of Heidelberg and Eichstätt, the Freie Universität Berlin and at the Berlin-Brandenburgische Akademie der Wissenschaften.
- Orietta Dora Cordovana / Gian Franco Chiai: Introduction. The Griffin and the Hunting11-25
- Environment, pollution, and legal sources25-49
- Cristina Simonetti: Uso e gestione delle acque in Mesopotamia nel Secondo Millennio a. C.27-37
- Luigi Capogrossi Colognesi: Roman Rural Landscape and Legal Rules37-49
- Environment and pollution in literary and epigraphic evidence49-151
- Cinzia Bearzot: Ancient Ecology: problems of terminology51-61
- Gian Franco Chiai: Rivers and Waters Protection in the Ancient World: how religion can protect the environment61-83
- Arnaldo Marcone: L’evoluzione della sensibilità ambientale a Roma all’inizio del Principato83-97
- Edoardo Bianchi: Floods of the Tiber in Rome under the Julio-Claudians97-109
- Orietta Dora Cordovana: Pliny the Elder and Ancient Pollution109-131
- Luca Montecchio: La cultura dell’ambiente in ambito monastico tra V e VIII secolo131-151
- Environment, pollution, and diseases151-177
- Elizabeth Craik: Malaria and the Environment of Greece153-163
- Isabella Andorlini (†): Environmental Diseases according to Papyri from Egypt and Ancient Medical Thought163-177
- Pollution and the Environment in Ancient life: Material Evidence177-283
- Alain Bresson: Anthropogenic Pollution in Greece and Rome179-203
- J. Donald Hughes: Deforestation and Forest Protection in the Ancient World203-217
- Jocelyne Nelis-Clément: Roman Spectacles: exploring their environmental implications217-283