eBook

Socio-Economic Development of Indawgyi Lake, Myanmar

Urban and Regional Development in Myanmar
Band 1

1. Edition
(2017)
205 Pages, 29 schw.-w. Abb., 38 schw.-w. Tab.
ISBN 978-3-515-11796-8 (Print)
ISBN 978-3-515-11797-5 (eBook)

Sample chapter
Buy eBook
https://elibrary.steiner-verlag.de/book/99.105010/9783515117975

Indawgyi Lake in Kachin State, located in the northern part of Myanmar, is the largest inland freshwater lake in the country, with rich aquatic flora and fauna, high biodiversity and a (largely) intact ecosystem. Since 1999 the "Indawgyi Wetland Bird Sanctuary" has been declared a conservation area. Still, it is a peripheral region and lagging behind in its development. At present the three main economic activities are agriculture, fishing and gold mining.

Zin Mar Than offers an in-depth analysis of the socio-economic situation of the area and identifies its future development potentials using the SWOT approach (Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities, Threats). In this context the author discusses concepts of endogenous development and sustainability. Special emphasis is placed on developing ecotourism as a fourth economic activity in the area and to meet the needs of long-term conservation.


Keywords: Endogene Entwicklung, Indawgyi Lake, Kachin State, Myanmar, Nachhaltigkeit, Naturschutzgebiet, Regionalentwicklung, conservation area, eco-tourism, endogenous development, regional development, susstainability, Ökotourismus

Zin Mar Than
Zin Mar Than received her PhD at the University of Cologne where she is currently a Research Associate at the Institute of Geography.

  • CONTENTS5-9
  • LIST OF TABLES9-10
  • LIST OF FIGURES10-11
  • LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS11-13
  • PREFACE13-15
  • ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS15-17
  • SUMMARY17-19
  • ZUSAMMENFASSUN19-21
  • 1 INTRODUCTION21-33
    • 1.1 THE AIM OF THE STUDY21-21
    • 1.2 MYANMAR UNDER TRANSFORMATION21-26
    • 1.3 THE PERIPHERAL SITUATION OF RURAL AREAS IN MYANMAR26-27
    • 1.4 AN INTRODUCTION INTO THE RESEARCH AREA27-31
    • 1.5 STRUCTURE OF THE STUDY31-33
  • 2 THEORETICAL AND CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK33-53
    • 2.1 ENDOGENOUS AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT AS KEY ELEMENTS OF DEVELOPING A REMOTE REGION33-49
    • 2.2 INTEGRATING THE CONCEPT OF ENDOGENOUS AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IN THE AREA49-51
    • 2.3 KEY RESEARCH QUESTIONS51-53
  • 3 CONCEPTUAL AND METHODOLOGICAL DESIGN OF THE RESEARCH53-71
    • 3.1 RESEARCH STRATEGY: MIXED METHOD APPROACH53-55
    • 3.2 RESEARCH PHASES55-56
    • 3.3 DATA GATHERING DESIGN AND PROCEEDING56-62
    • 3.4 DATA ANALYSIS62-68
    • 3.5 ETHICAL CONSIDERATIONS68-71
  • 4 DEMOGRAPHIC AND SOCIAL SITUATION71-97
    • 4.1 BASIC DEMOGRAPHIC PATTERN71-75
    • 4.2 LIVING CONDITION75-78
    • 4.3 EDUCATION SITUATION78-88
    • 4.4 HEALTH SITUATION88-91
    • 4.5 MIGRATION TRENDS91-97
  • 5 INFRASTRUCTURE SITUATION97-103
    • 5.1 TRANSPORTATION97-98
    • 5.2 COMMUNICATION AND INFORMATION98-99
    • 5.3 ELECTRICITY SUPPLY99-100
    • 5.4 WATER SUPPLY100-101
    • 5.5 EDUCATION FACILITIES101-101
    • 5.6 HEALTH FACILITIES101-103
  • 6 ECONOMIC SITUATION103-127
    • 6.1 ECONOMIC ACTIVITIES IN THE AREA103-116
    • 6.2 HOUSEHOLD FINANCIAL SITUATION116-122
    • 6.3 INCOME ACCORDING TO HOUSEHOLD MEMBERS122-127
  • 7 ASPECTS OF GOVERNING IN THE AREA127-137
    • 7.1 THE POLITICAL/ADMINISTRATIVE ARENA127-130
    • 7.2 THE CONSERVATION ARENA130-137
  • 8 EVALUATION OF THE SITUATION BY THE RESPONDENTS137-149
    • 8.1 CURRENT AND FUTURE SITUATION – GENERAL137-141
    • 8.2 COMPARING THE EVALUATION OF CURRENT AND FUTURE SITUATION OF EAST AND WEST141-145
    • 8.3 FUTURE ACTIVITIES OF THE HOUSEHOLDS145-149
  • 9 FINAL DISCUSSION – CHALLENGES FOR THE INDAWGYI LAKE AREA149-165
    • 9.1 NATURAL RESOURCES149-150
    • 9.2 HUMAN CAPITAL AND SOCIO-DEMOGRAPHIC SITUATION150-152
    • 9.3 INSTITUTION OR ORGANIZATION152-154
    • 9.4 INFRASTRUCTURE154-158
    • 9.5 ECONOMIC STRUCTURE158-161
    • 9.6 SUMMARIZING – THE SWOT TABLE161-165
  • 10 FUTURE DEVELOPMENT IN THE REGION165-177
  • 11 CONCLUSION AND FINAL REMARKS177-185
    • 11.1 REMARKS ON THE CONCEPT OF THE RESEARCH177-178
    • 11.2 REMARKS ON THE EMPIRICAL WORK178-182
    • 11.3 CRITICAL REMARKS AND SUGGESTION FOR FURTHER RESEARCH182-185
  • REFERENCES185-191
  • APPENDICES191-204
    • APPENDIX 1: HOUSEHOLD QUESTIONNAIRE191-201
    • APPENDIX 2: KEYWORDS FOR THE EXPERT INTERVIEWS201-204
    • APPENDIX 3: LIST OF INTERVIEWEES204--1